Ozark Chinquapin Identification
There is a lot of variation in leaves among populations and even on individual trees. The Ozark chinquapin has leaves 5.5 to 9.25” long, with coarse teeth. They are often slightly more broad above the middle. Leaves are arranged in an alternate pattern. Trees below the Arkansas River have smaller leaves.
Each burr contains one nut. On rare occasions they can produce more than one nut. They are approximately 20 mm long, and about 10mm wide.
Clusters of 5-10 burrs are located about a foot away from the end of the branch because the tree continue to grow after flowering has occurred.
Blooms late May to early June. The trees are monoecious and self-incompatible; they require another tree for pollination. They are both wind and insect pollinated.
Ozark chinquapin trees are smooth when they are young and have silvery colored markings. After about 13 years they develop flat broad ridges that are arranged parallel to one another.
Twigs & Bud
Twigs are smooth and stout with white pores. Buds are egg-shaped, somewhat flattened and dull pointed.
Report A Tree
Large blight free Ozark chinquapin are extremely rare. New tree discoveries are important to our breeding program to save and restore the species. One of the ways you can help our restoration effort is to help us locate fruiting Ozark chinquapin trees, and report them to the OCF. If you think you have found a tree and would like us to help you make a positive identification, you can send us pictures of the leaves, bark, nuts, and burs along to firstname.lastname@example.org with the words “Tree ID” in the subject line.