Natural Range of the OZARK CHINQUAPIN tree
Distribution of Castanea ozarkensis
Before the blight arrived, the Ozark chinquapin was often described as a dominate species on the north and east facing slopes of the mountains in the Interior Highlands (Palmer, 1926). The sudden loss of these trees set in motion widespread changes to the ecology of the forest communities they once dominated and had major social and economic impacts on the communities and people they supported. The presence of Ozark chinquapin in Alabama and adjacent states suggest the species may have once had a larger range than it does today.
The plight of the American chestnut is well known, but the other members of the chestnut genus (in particular the Ozark chinquapin) have been neglected by taxonomists and field biologists and is considered an examaple of one of the most mistreated and misrepresented Native North American nut trees (Payne et al., 1994).
Smith, E.B. 1988. An atlas and annotated list of the vascular plants of Arkansas, 2d ed. AR Literature
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Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1993. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3. Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Fort Worth, TX. LA Literature
Thomas, R.D., and C.M. Allen. 1997. Atlas of the vascular flora of Louisiana, vols. 1-3 (Plus updates). Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries. Natural Heritage Program, Baton Rouge. LA Literature. Claiborne and Union county LA
Weber, W.R., and W.T. Corcoran. 1993. Atlas of Missouri vascular plants. Unpublished. Southwest Missouri State University and the Missouri Native Plant Society. MO Literature. Stone county, MO
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Duck, L. G., and J. B. Fletcher. 1945. A survey of the game and fur bearing animals of Oklahoma; chapter 2, The game types of Oklahoma. Oklahoma Game and Fish Commission, Division of Wildlife Restoration and Research, Oklahoma City.
Eyre, F. H., editor. 1980. Forest cover types of the United States and Canada. Society of American Foresters, Washington, DC. 148 pp.
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Johnson, F. L. 1986b. Woody vegetation of southeastern Leflore County, Oklahoma, in relation to topography. Proceedings of the Oklahoma Academy of Science 66:1-6.
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Rice, E. L. 1963. Vegetation of Beavers Bend State Park, Oklahoma. Geological Survey Guide Book 9:39-45.
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The Arboreal Flora of Arkansas, pg. 18, Hampstead county, Arkansas
George P. Johnson, Revision of Castanea Sect. Balanocastanon (Fagacae), The Journal of the Arnold Arboretum, Harvard, Vol 69, Number 1, 1988. Lawrence, Winston, Walker, Tuscaloosa, Bibb counties in Alabama (page 44)
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A Manual Of Trees Of North America by Charles Sprague Sargent, page 233, Copyright 1965
Allegheny Chiquapin Distribution: “In Arkansas, southern Missouri, and eastern Oklahoma replaced by Castanea ozarkensis Ashe.”
A Field Guide To Trees and Shrubs by George A. Petrides, page 265, Copyright 1958
Speaking of Castanea ozarkensis Ashe: “Height to 65′. Flowers June. Dry woods; s. Missouri and Oklahoma to Mississippi and Louisiana.”
Guide to Southern Trees, Ellwood S. Harrar, page 173, Copyright 1946, 1962
A Field Guide To Trees and Shrubs, George A. Petrides, page 345, Copyright 1958
About the Ozark chinquapin, Castanea ozarkensis Ashe: “Height 65′. Flowers June. Dry woods; s. Missouri and Oklahoma to Mississippi and Louisiana.”
Manual Of Southeastern Flora, John Kundall Small, Copyright 1933
About Castanea ozarkensis Ashe. : “Tree up to 20 m. tall, sometimes with several stems from a common base, the trunk sometimes 1 m. in diameter, the bark furrowed, Woods, rocky slopes, and stream-banks, Ozark-Ouachita Plateau and adj. Coastal Plain, Miss. To La., Okla., and S Mo. “
On Ozark chinquapin, Castanea ozarkensis, Ashe: “This small tree is found on the Ozark-Ouachita plateau, in southern Missouri, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and Mississippi, and on the adjacent coastal plain.”
Map research and generation by Leslie Bost, 2019. Contribution/research of GLO survey notes contributed by AJ Hendershott. You may use any of these maps without formally requesting permission, please credit The Ozark Chinquapin Foundation, thank you.
Old Range Maps click to enlarge photos
1941 map source: How To Know The Trees, H.E. Jaques, page 52, copyright 1941-1946
1907 map source: Hough, Romeyn Beck. Handbook Of The Northern States And Canada East Of The Rocky Mountains. Page 137, copyright 19071988 map source: Wilbur H. Duncan and Marion B. Duncan, Trees Of Southeastern United States, page 234, Copyright 1988